Slavic and Etruscan cognates

All of the words on this list are taken from the “Etruscan Phrases” glossary by Mel Copeland, which can be found HERE. This is by no means a definitive list as this glossary lists only 1,600 words.

As we will see, plenty of words can be easily labeled Indo-Europan, as they are common in many European languages. However, there are some that sound typically Slavic. The most interesting ones are marked in red.

Slavic personal names in Etruscan:

  1. ANA (name) and ANIA (river, name). Name Ana is considered to come from Hebrew, via Greek, but Anya is a typical Russian and Polish diminutive of the same name. More on the name Anya here.
  2. BORIS (name, wind) – (BVRIS) Boris is almost exclusively a Slavic name. Wikipedia article about the name Boris: “Boris, Borys or Barys (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian: Борис; Belarusian: Барыс) is a male name of Bulgarian origin. Nowadays, it is mainly present in Russia (by the number of the name carriers), almost equally in Belarus, less in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, Poland, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine.”
  3. KOTEV (name?) The author was in doubt if this is a given name. It is a Slavic last name though, like for example here. -EV suffix is typically Slavic.

Etruscan toponyms on Balkans

  1. RAS, RASA, RASNE, meaning Etruria, Etruscan. This is how the Etruscan actually called themselves. The first capital of Serbs in the early 6th century was Ras and the country was Raska. One of the official etymologies of this word means “a people, race” (Slavic – rasa) while the other comes from Etruscan ROS (RVS) (rural, hence Latin “rusticus”) However, in the Bulgarian language the word “rusa” means “blonde” and it is used exclusively for hair. You can read more about it in the article on the city of Ruse, Bulgaria. This Bulgarian etymology explains why Slavs call Russians – Rusi (blonde-haired)
  2. TUTIN (to protect, to guard) – Tutin is a Serbian city in the above mention region of Raska.
  3. SEGETA (SEbETA) – crop, cornfield, field. Could this word be behind the etymology of so many toponyms in Pannonia, one of the most fertile parts of Europe? For example Szeged. (Serbian SEGEDIN)
  4. TURAN (Etruscan Aphrodite), TURIN, (people of). Compare with the capital of Albania – Tirana, with Tyrrhenian sea and possibly Torino. However, on Wikipedia article about Torino we read that its name comes from Taurini, “celto-ligurian-alpian people”. Etymology is explained by the Greek word “Tauros” – bull. Taurini people had also founded Taurunum, modern-day Zemun, Serbia. Boii and Taurini coexisted with Etruscan in Italy, just like they coexisted in Pannonia. One of the suggested etymologies of Boii is also “bull”. So could it be the same people under two different names? Maybe, but this is how Etruscan called the Boii according to this glossary – VOIA (8VIA)
  5. SAVO – sand. Compare with the river Sava that flows trough the Pannonian plane, one of the main sources for the river sand exploitation in Serbia to this date.
  6. ROM (RVM), ROMA, (RVMA). This is interesting because Serbs still use archaic, Etruscan form to call Romanians – Rumuni, and also there is a city called Ruma in Pannonia.
  7. PLANO (PLANV) – flat. Compare with Velika plana, a city in Serbia. (meaning Great Flatland)

Etruscan and Slavic numbers:

  1. TVE – (two) – DVA (DVE)
  2. TRE – (three), TRETI (third) – Slavic TRI, TRECI
  3. CATRA (four) – Slavic CETIRI
  4. PET (five) – Slavic PET
  5. SESTO (sixth) – Slavic SESTO (sixth, in a neutral gender) (sest = six)
  6. STO (hundred) – Slavic STO

Other common Etruscan and Slavic words:

  1. EST – to be, Slavic JEST
  2. SIM (SVM)– I am, Slavic SAM (SYM)
  3. SOME – we are, Slavic SMO
  4. SUNT – they are, Slavic SU
  5. ME – me, Slavic MI, ME
  6. TI – you, Slavic TI
  7. VI – to you, Slavic VI (you, plural)
  8. NE – no, not, Slavic NE
  9. NI – nor, Slavic NI
  10. NOCIS (NVCIS) – night, Slavic NOC
  11. NES – nose, Slavic NOS
  12. NOS (NVS) – our, Slavic NAS
  13. PRE – before, in front, Slavic PRE
  14. KROVE (KRVFE) – blood, Slavic KRV (KRF)
  15. BERCA – barque, Slavic BARKA
  16. MAR – sea, Slavic MORE
  17. SOL – Sun, Slavic SOLNCE, SUNCE
  18. SEC, SEK – to cut, Slavic SECI
  19. PROSIKOREN (PRVSIKVREN) – they shall cut – PRESECI
  20. STO, STA – to stand, Slavic STOJATI, STAJATI
  21. ITIS – you go – Slavic IDI
  22. MOLAK (MVLAK) – gentle, to become soft, Slavic MLAK
  23. BRATER – brother, Slavic BRAT
  24. MATRA – mother, Slavic MATER
  25. SOCRI (SVCRI) – mother in law, Slavic SVEKRVA
  26. CAMAREM – of the chamber, Slavic KOMORA
  27. TAME – darken, Slavic TAMA
  28. SALE – hall, Slavic SALA
  29. SALT – jump, to leap, Slavic SALTO
  30. OS (VS) – mouth or bone, Slavic KOST – bone, USTA – mouth
  31. MOLA (MVLA) – grind, stear, Slavic MLETI (infinitive)
  32. OVELI (VFELI) – sheep, Slavic OVCE
  33. SOPA (SVPA) – he, she sleeps – Slavic SPI, SPAVA
  34. SOPES (SVPES) – you sleep – Slavic SPIS
  35. POP (PVP) – priest, Slavic POP
  36. SKAL – stairs, leaders, Slavic SKALI (Bulgarian)
  37. ARO (ARV) – to plow, Slavic ORATI
  38. TEP – warm, Slavic TOPLO
  39. MAC – I soften, Slavic MEK

And this is a list from another source, an online catalogue with refferences – Etruscan Glossary:

  1. eta, ta “this” nominative demonstrative pronoun [am91, g/lb83, mcv]  – Slavic eta, ta
  2. heasun, hiasunu “Jason” [az96] – this made me think that the H sound could be a softened Slavic Zh. And indeed:
  3. huevia “life” [mp cit az96: 410] – Slavic: Zhivia, Zhivot. In Etruscan there, is also an alternative spelling: ziva, ziva-s, ziva-S “(the) dead”, “having lived” [dep] [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, pa, rab 332]
  4. huini “lady” [az96] – Slavic Zhena
  5. hele “sad, angry, sullen” [az96], helu “to get sad, mad” [az96] – Slavic Zhal
    • helucu “sad, mournful” [az96], helusnei “(one who) gets sad” [az96] – Slavic Zhalosni
  6. hupni, hufni “sepulchral environment or place” [mp68, pa], hupni-S, hunine-thi “sepulchral environment or place” [mp68], hupnina “sepulchral environment or place” [mp68, pa] – Slavic Zhupa The word Zupt (zup) is a noun of Proto-Slavic origin, meaning “heap” or “mound“. The Russian word for buttocks – zhopa, comes from the same root. It is derived from the Proto-Indo-European root d’wep-, which also means “heap” or “mound”. The Proto-Slavic root Zupt gave rise to the following words in modern Slavic languages:
  7. Russian: жуп (zhup), Bulgarian: жуп (zhup), Serbo-Croatian: zupa, Slovenian: Zúp, Czech: zupa, Slovak: zupa, Polish: zupa, Ukrainian: жупа (zhupa). The word Zupt is also found in the names of several geographical features in Slavic countries, such as the Zupa Nova, a region in Serbia, and the Zupa dubrovacka, a region in Croatia. In Old Church Slavonic, the word zupt was also used to refer to a district or province. This meaning is still preserved in some modern Slavic languages, such as Russian (wyná) and Serbian and Bulgarian (жупa). The same idea resonates in the Histories of Herodotus, where the Scythians warn Darius not to touch their burrial mounds: “For we are not a people who dwell in cities, nor do we cultivate the land; but we live in the midst of the steppes, where our cattle feed. We know not what it is to fear, and we are not afraid of death. If thou wilt touch one of our burial-mounds, know that thou wilt stir up a storm which will sweep thee and thy army away.”
  8. hux “to consider, worry” [az96] – perhaps related to Slavic žuč – anger, fury
  9. leu, lev “lion” [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep] – Slavic lev
  10. lautni, lavtni, lautuni, lavtuni, lautuni-S (masc.), lautna,lautnita, lautnitha, lavnita, lautnitha (fem.) “of the family, freed servant, family servant” [am91, az96, mc91, mp68: 395, dep, pa] – Slavic Ljudi – people, and from this we also have the next word:
  11. ludus “public games” Latin from Etruscan [lb 90, mp 75] – “for the people”
  12. magura “height, mountain” [rah 53-54] – Compare with the Magura cave in Bulgaria, famous for its prehistoric paintings.
  13. math “money, mead” [b/k 32, g/lb83] – Slavic med, honey
  14. mathi “metal?” – see Greek metallon [ag 79] – Slavic med, copper (“honey-colored”)
  15. maxaira “curved saber” of Etruscan origin [see mp68: 328] – Slavic mach, sword
  16. menita “(that which) changes, compensates, remunerates?” – Slavic menyati
  17. nacna “next to, last” [az96], nac-um “and so” [az96] – Slavic nakon – next, and so
  18. rane “engraver, etcher” > “sounding, investigation” [az96] – Slavic rana – wound. Is this the real etymology of the Germanic word “rune” – letter?
  19. rapa “engraving, writing” [az96], rapale “engraving” [az96], rapalni, raplni “engraver, writer” [az96] *ghraph [az96] – Slavic grebati
  20. Pyrgi, see Greek púrgoi “the towers” [rmcc] – Slavic breg
  21. raufe, rauhe, ruvfe – red, male name [mc91: 50] – Slavic ruzh
  22. teSne “judge” [az96] – Slavic desno, right. In German, the word “Recht” can carry both meanings of “right” (such as a moral or legal entitlement) and “law” (referring to a system of rules and regulations). The same is true for the French “Droit”.


As observed, approximately 5% of words (from a 1600-word sample) would be mutually understood by a Slavic speaker and an ancient Etruscan. While many of these words may have a common Indo-European origin, this isn’t always the case.

The intention of this text is not to assert a connection between Etruscans and Slavs, but rather to propose the possibility of an unmentioned historical contact.

Contemporary linguists have not explored these connections, yet there were individuals who proposed a potential association with the Albanian language.

Herodotus actually does mention that some Etruscans (Tyrrheni) lived near the area of Crestonia, Macedonia. See Hdt. 1.57.1

This claim of Herodotus has not been taken seriously by modern historians. But if we draw imaginary lines from 1. Crestonia, Macedonia to 2. Tirana, Albania (Etruscan toponym) and to 3. Raska (Rasseni = Etruscans), Tutin and Ruma, Serbia (Etruscan toponyms) and 4. Magura, Bulgaria, (Etruscan toponym) it seems that there are many traces of Etruscan language that survive to this day.

Certainly, the reach of Etruscan influence must have extended well beyond northern Italy. Renowned as seafarers, and perhaps originated in modern-day Turkey, they engaged in trade spanning North Africa, southern France, and Spain. With this in mind, it’s reasonable to contemplate the Adriatic Sea and the Balkans as potential areas within the same equation.

Albanian language is not the language of the sea peoples

Nonetheless, it’s precisely this maritime aspect that rules out the possibility of Albanians being direct descendants of the Etruscans. Nearly every study of their language affirms the absence of indigenous seafaring terminology, indicating that their homeland comprised mountainous areas rather than coastal regions. A good illustration of this is:

“The Illyrian coast is not a likely source, since Albanian has no nautical or indigenous sea-faring terminology, and has supplemented this absence with borrowings from Latin or Greek or recent metaphorical lexical creations.” Albanian 101

On the other hand, the ancient Illyrians were known for their seafaring abilities even before the Romans. A mixture of the Scythians from the steppe and the aboriginal Balkan tribes, they occupied a territory that extended from the Balkan region in question all the way to ancient Etruria. Could this be the explanation for the shared vocabulary between Etruscans and Slavs?Save



  1. The Etruscan script was deciphered back in the 80’s by Prof. Svetozar Bilbia. He translated many scripts. What he discovered was that the Etruscans called themselves Rashani and spoke a proto Slavic language. Western historians refuse to acknowledge the evidence and Bilbias work to this day.

    • Where i can read Svetislav Bilbija books?I’m expecially intrested into his translation of the etruscan script,becouse i’m searching it for some time.PS:Their are manny proofs that all ‘european civilizations’are in fact slavic civilization,that exist in europe since 18000BC.

  2. Your Rasne; Rasenna are Tubal and Tiras and along with Meshech are the Reshu blond warrior caste; that the Etruscans brought with them to conquer the tribes in Italy and all Y-DNA R1a subclades as are the Marjannu Mitanni-Hurri; Hurri: Khurrites as in the Quirites of the Sabines as the Y-DNA Q men in Italy and Sicily.

    Tusci are the Tubal Sabione and the Turskim the Getae Thracians and Mitanni Tubal and the Etrusci the Tarshish Javanites and the Sarmatians are the Madai Orelum as are the Ligurians as Y-DNA subclades; all above are worshipers of the Ara….

  3. Autor treba da objasni na koji Albanski jezik misli.
    1.Albanski jezik iz današnje Južne Albanije koji je nastajao od 11v.n.e do 1912g.
    2.Albanski jezik naseljenog Gega iz Turske krajem 18v.n.e i početkom 19v.n.e kada Turski Sultan doseljava problematične Tatare i Čerkeze od Vranja preko Kosova i Metohije današnje Severne Makedonije i Albanije. Koji se nisu razumeli Sa južnim Albancima .
    3.Albanski jezik koji je stvoren posle 1912g posle nastanka Albanije.
    Dalje Albanci pitaju nekog : A po di shqip tj.da li govoriš šiptarski. Albanija je preuzeto ime pokrajine , mogli su kumovi novi narod da nazovu Epirci a državu Epir.
    Ili po Makedoniji ili po Vlahiji ili po pokrajini Raban u današnjoj Albaniji gde se prvi puta javljaju u 12v.n.e.
    Možda najbolje objašnjenje za pojavu Arbanasa na Balkanu su osvajanja Normana u 12v.n.e pa i veza sa jezikom južnog dela Albanskog naroda,ako uopšte postoji neki rečnik za taj južni deo .
    Dalje autor dokazuje da nemaju pomorsku tradiciju jer su pozajmili reči za pomorstvo iz drugih jezika,što je tačno. Pa zaključuje da se radi o planinskom narodu.
    Ali interesantno je da za osnovnu delatnost u planinskim krajevima pored stočarstva je kosidba tj.spremanje sena za zime koje traju više od 6 meseci.
    U Albanskom jeziku ne postoji reč za kosidbu i kažu na Srpskom MEKOSIT za kosidbu.

  4. Zlatko je u pravu. Takodje mnogo stvari sto je meni zapalo za oko jeste srpska kapa koju danas oni nose kao i jelek i bijele pantalone. Dokaz da su te bijele pantalone srpske (jedini sloveni koji su blizu njih) mozemo naci u Poljskoj koja nema dodirne tacke sa njima ali zato ima sa nama i tako vidimo da su te bijele pantalone od srba uzeli i za kapu postoje pisani izvori kada je vizantijski car napao srbe opisano je kako su sebi bili obiceni. Takodje oni kazu krevet kao i mi. Izbacimo li turcizme iz srpskog i albanskog ostaju u albanskom srpske latinskw i grcke rijeci. Ne sumnjivo je da istrazivaci albanskog jezika krecu od pretpostavke da je to ilirski jezik i tu i pogrijese mi nemamo izvore ilirskog sve sto imamo su grcki i latinski nazivi nekih ilirskih plemena od kojih je jedan upecatljiv Jezerasi, dalje sumnju baca i to sto albanci u mnogim stvarima i nazivima nemaju znacenje i smisao pa tako npr uzimaju prezime Kosova da bi mozda sutra neko rekao kako je to albanski naziv. Na moje pitanje sta znaci naziv Skadar, Drač, Drim, Tirana i td.. odgovor je nista samo naziv za grad. A naravno kod nas bi imalo smisla. Njihovi pleme Malisor znaci Brdjanin bukvalni prevod srpskog crna gora Mali e Zi s tim sto ovo Zi je znacenje crno (zi je mozda nastalo od Zift, zgar.. kao sto je njihovo Ne nastalo od Jok=Jo) njihovi dijelovi tijela lica nisu kao nasi nemaju nor dlan i taban njima je to ruka i noga…. izuzevsi islam i hriscanstvo kod njih svi obicaji su srpski jer i oni kao i mi vijeruju u kucnu zmiju, postovanje hljeba…. takodje nas VUK njihov je Uk/Uka (takodje daju imena) nesto veoma zanimljivo je to da mi spijevamo pijesme u desetercu jedanestercu i td da pijevamo na suvo (oni pijevaju na suvo regionalno) njihove sve pijesme su u osmercu. Mi imamo pijesmu o zidanju skadra i detaljne opise otvora oni imaju smisljenu Rizafu gdije je pola zene uzidano u grad i kasnije su i isklesali i postavili takav kamen kako bi potkrijepili pijesmu. Cudno je da, ako su zaista potomci ilira koji su se opirali preko 200 godina Rimu da dodju sloveni i sve ih asimiluju. Takodje cudno je i to da nije bilo mnogo ustanaka ja ne znam ni jedan u Osmanskom carstvu da su albanci podizali, jer u rimskom carstvu iliri su uvijek zakuvavali i vazili za narod koji je uvijek se bunio naravno tu su bile rasporedjene i najjace rimske legije… mnoge stvari nisu jasne tj vise je procenata da nisu iliri nego da jesu. Moje licno misljenje je da su iliri samo onoliko koliko su se izmjesali sa srbima/slovenima. Tj srba ima vise od drugih naroda uprkos cestim stradanjima u ratovima dok albanska ekspanzija u broju ljudi je pocela prije 100 godina, jos jedan dokaz da nisu iliri. I za kraj vise imaju slicnosti sa Baltickim plemenima nego sa ilirskim. Nas su zvali ilirima, i Rašanima i bas cudno jer ne vijerujem da je stefan nemanja znao da su postojali Etruscani u italiji i da je po tome i drzao ime Raska, takodje jedna lijepa stvar koja mi je zapala za oko. Nasa kapa Šubara koja me neodoljivo podsijeca na Frigijsku kapu, mislim da nas identitet se krije u nama samim ali da mi ne znamo da ga procitamo jer vijekovima su sijekli glave nasim glavesinama i naravno lako su nas pogresnome naucili…

  5. Etruscans were identified as Slavs by Tadeusz Wolański, mid XIX Warsaw University professor, in 2011 researcher Winicjusz Kossakowski deciphered Ethruscan alphabet , read Ethruscan inscriptions proving their Slavic language resemblance.

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